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            历年考研英语真题延伸解析:2008年完型试题-启程网

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              在2008年的考试中 ,Use of English(即完形填空部分)考察了一篇关于人类智能的文章  。

              首先  ,就文章题材而言  ,本文属生命科学类 ,与95年关于睡眠的完型相仿  。 其写作思路也基本一致  ,都是理论结合实践的体系  ,以事实举例来证明理论的常规套路  。95年关于睡眠一文以rat的例子阐述了睡眠的意义 ,而本文以Ashkenazim的例子说明了人与人智商间的差别及其导致原因和副作用等  。

              其次 ,从文章结构来说  ,还是一如既往地秉持了结构明晰的特点  ,所以仍然以文章逻辑为主导考察考生通过寻找线索来解决问题的能力  。

              The idea that some ethnic groups may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a scientist who works independently of any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which arouse much controversy when it was first suggested.

              一段中就以一个But连接了文章手将speak前的dare not与say前的is prepared to构造成鲜明转折关系  ,所以考生可以通过But与dare not直接推得答案is prepared to.接着文中又用了一个表示弱转折含义的actually来引导考生对previously一词的把握  。

              类似independent of之类的词组中介词考察的考点在近几年倒是罕有发生  ,不过考生可以在94年完型第1题of utmost importance以及98年完型第18题specialists in等题中找到渊源  。

              Even he, however, might tremble at the thought of what he is about to do. Together with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only suggests that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but explains the process that has brought this about. The group in question are Ashkenazi Jews. The process is natural selection.