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          1. 考研英语必读:英语时文阅读及翻译(带薪请假制度)-启程网

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              导读:本文为说明文  ,主要介绍带薪请假政策的起因 ,制定和实施情况  ,以及所面临的问题和反对意见 。文章首先以加罗一家的经历说明停薪请假的人所面临的经济困难  。然后在第二  ,第三段介绍了一下各州针对这一问题的解决方案  。第四段介绍了反对者的态度和看法  ,最后一段再次以加罗一家的情况来说明带薪请假政策可能带来的积极变化 ,并且呼应了文章开头部分  ,以此作为结尾  ,使得全文层次分明  ,结构完整  。

              When Gina Garro and Brian Duplisea adopted 4-month-old Andres from Colombia last month, they were determined to take time off from work to care for him. Six years ago, after their daughter, Melina, was born, the family scraped by on Duplisea's $36, 000 salary as a construction worker so Garro, a special-education teacher, could stay home. Now, since Garro's job furnishes the family health insurance, she'll head back to work this fall while Duplisea juggles diapers and baby bottles. His boss agreed to the time off——but he will have to forgo his $18-an-hour pay. It won't be easy. Though Garro's $40, 000 salary will cover their mortgage, the couple will have to freeze their retirement accounts, scale back on Melina's after-school activities——and pray that nothing goes wrong with the car. It takes away from your cushion and your security, says Garro. Things will be tight.

              The 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act was supposed to help families like Garro's, offering a safety net to employees who want to take time off to nurture newborns, tend to their own major illnesses or care for sick relatives. But while the law guarantees that workers won't lose their jobs, it doesn't cover their paychecks. One survey last year showed that while 24 million Americans had taken leaves since 1999, 2.7 million more wanted to, but couldn't afford it. That may change soon. In response to increasing demands from voters, at least 25 states are now exploring new ways to offer paid leave. One possibility: tapping state disability funds. A handful of states——New York, New Jersey, California, Rhode Island and Hawaii——already dip into disability money to offer partial pay for women on maternity leave. But that doesn't help dads or people caring for elderly parents. New Jersey and New York may soon expand disability programs to cover leave for fathers and other caretakers. Thirteen states, including Arizona, Illinois and Florida, have proposed using unemployment funds to pay for leave.