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            考研英语作文高分写作技巧指导之短句拉长-启程网

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              2009年考研在即 ,考生在最后的英语写作复习上更多地应该注意技巧的掌握  。针对历年考生写作中存在的问题及考生应用不熟练的写作技巧 ,这里截取张一楠老师的指导文章供广大考生参考  。

              在考研英语作文中 ,任何短句都可以拉长为长句  ,而且  ,从理论上讲 ,一个句子的长度可以是无限的  ,但是出于实际情况  ,大家要学会写有限度的长句 。

              虽然《考试大纲》没有明确规定考研作文中长句的长度和数量 ,但是基于考研作文实战的需要  ,考生需要有一种“长句设置”意识 ,即通过在文中设置若干个长句  ,向阅卷者展示考生对于复杂语言的掌握能力  ,从而征服阅卷者的心 ,获得满意的分数 。

              短句拉长的写作要领:

              名词:+形容词  ,+同位语  ,+定语从句

              动词:+状语(时间、地点、目的、方式)

              例句实战:

              例1、Officials have built highways.(4个单词)

              In recent years  , the responsible  , hard-working and warm-hearted officials have built a great number of highways which have brought much convenience to the local citizens. (拉长后25单词)

              例1中短句拉长的步骤:

              1)在句首  ,加上时间状语in recent yeas

              2)在名词officials前面加上responsible , hard-working  , warm-hearted三个形容词修饰它

              3)在名词highways后面加上定语从句which have brought much convenience to the local citizens.

              例2、Factories have discharged gas and liquid.(6个单词)

              In the developed areas , the newly-built chemical factories have discharged harmful and even poisonous gas and liquid which had a seriously negatively impact on the surrounding environment.(拉长后31个单词)

              例2中短句拉长的步骤:

              1)在句首  ,加上地点状语in the developed areas

              2)在名词factories前面加上两个修饰形容词newly-built和chemical

              3)在名词gas and liquid后面上加上一个定语从句which had a seriously negatively impact on the surrounding environment.