考研英语阅读长难句三大典型特点分析之语序颠倒-启程网

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  二、语序颠倒

  这里的语序颠倒在考研中最明显的一种情况就是宾语后置情况  , 而且往往会考试中造成很大的障碍  ,那么什么叫做宾语后置呢?

  这里先举一个简单的例子  ,比如很多男同学在交女朋友的时候心里往往会许下心愿: I will make you happy. 这句话的结构很简单:主+谓+宾+宾补 ,可是在考研当中往往会因为宾语较长而把宾语放到补足语的后面  ,比如: 2003年翻译中的65题:

  Thus, the anthropological concept ofculture, like the concept of setin mathematics, is an abstract concept which makes possible immense amounts of concrete research and understanding.

  分析:这句话中which引导定语从句修饰concept, makes possible immense amounts of concrete research and understanding.直译过来就是“创造出可能的大量的具体研究及理解”  ,可其实这句话中的possible是宾语补足语  ,它真正的结构是makes immense amounts of concrete research and understanding possible,即:“使大量的具体研究和认识成为可能”  。

  这里给大家举出另外一句话供同学们思考:

  Friedrich Engels, however, predicted that women would be liberated from the social, legal, and economic subordination of the family by technological developments that made possible the recruitment of the whole female sex into public industry.